Dive Into Aquaponics: A Beginner’s Guide To Growing Fish and Plants Together

If you’re thinking of starting an aquaponics garden, but are intimidated by the idea of working with water and fish, don’t worry. This article is for you.

Aquaponics is a sustainable, indoor gardening technique that utilizes fish and vegetables in close proximity to each other to create a productive ecosystem.

In this aquaponics for beginners guide, we’ll teach you the basics of aquaponics, from setting up your system to growing produce. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, aquaponics is a great way to get started.

Introduction to Aquaponics for Beginners

Aquaponics is an easy and fun way to grow food, and with a little bit of research, you can get started quickly. In this guide, we’ll cover the basics of aquaponics, including how it works, what materials you’ll need, and how to set up your system.


Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture, which is a method of growing plants without soil. Plants may be grown in water, inert media, or soil. Nutrients are provided to the plants in water-soluble form.

The benefits of hydroponics include:

No soil is needed– this can be helpful for people who live in areas where topsoil is not available or for people who want to grow plants indoors.

Reduced disease and pests– because the plants are not in contact with soil, there is less opportunity for diseases and pests to spread.

Reduced water use– because the plant roots are directly in contact with the nutrient solution, less water is needed than when plants are grown in soil.


Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms, such as fish, mollusks, crustaceans, and aquatic plants. Aquaculture can be used to produce food, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals, as well as recreational fish and other products.

Aquaculture can be used to refer to the farming of both salt water and fresh water organisms. The most common types of aquatic organisms that are farmed include finfish, mollusks, and crustaceans.


Aquaponics is a sustainable agriculture system that combines traditional aquaculture (raising fish) with hydroponics (growing plants in water) to create a closed-loop ecosystem. The fish waste provides the nutrients needed for the plants, and the plants act as a natural filter to clean the water for the fish.

Aquaponics can be used to grow a wide variety of crops, including fruits, vegetables, herbs, and flowers.

Application of Aquaponics

The application of aquaponics is not limited to commercial farms or backyard gardens; it can also be used in schools, prisons, and other institutions.

In fact, the United Nations has cited aquaponics as a potential solution to food shortages in developing countries.

And because aquaponics is so efficient at using resources, it can be operated anywhere there is access to water and sunlight.

Nature of Aquaponics

1. Domestic or Small-Scale

Aquaponics can be done on any scale, from large commercial setups to small backyard systems.

Domestic small-scale aquaponics is a great way to get into this sustainable form of agriculture. A small system can be set up for as little as $100 and will provide you with fresh produce all year round.

You can use any type of fish that you like in your aquaponics system, but tilapia is a good choice because they are hardy and easy to raise.

2. Semi-Commercial and Commercial

In the United States, a semi-commercial kitchen is one in which some foods are prepared for sale, but not all foods. For example, a bakery that sells bread, pastries, and other baked goods would be considered a semi-commercial kitchen.

A commercial kitchen, on the other hand, is one in which all foods are prepared for sale. In order to operate a commercial kitchen, one must meet certain requirements set by the local health department.

These requirements may include having a specific type of sink, having adequate ventilation, and using approved food-preparation surfaces.

Understanding Aquaponics

1. Biological Components of Aquaponics

Aquaponics biofilters are essential for the nitrification process that converts plant and animal waste into accessible nutrients. The biofilter contains a colony of nitrifying bacteria which convert ammonia to nitrite. This process is necessary to maintain an adequate level of dissolved oxygen in the system and to prevent the build-up of toxic compounds.

In both soil and water, a natural process of nitrification by bacteria occurs in order to convert ammonia from fish waste into the easily assimilated nitrate for plants to use.

In an aquaponics system, this is crucial in order to maintain a healthy balance between the fish and the plants.

Too much ammonia can be harmful to both the fish and the plants, while too little nitrate can stunt the growth of plants.

The nitrification process helps to keep both the fish and the plants in balance by converting toxic ammonia into a form that is usable by plants.

Surface Area

Aquaponics systems provide an excellent environment for bacterial growth. The bacteria play a crucial role in the cycling of the aquaponics system, breaking down the ammonia from the fish waste and converting it into nitrates that are used by the plants.

The more surface area that is available for bacterial growth, the faster the cycling process will be.

One of the most important places for bacteria to grow is on the plant roots. The roots provide a large surface area for bacteria to colonize, and they also release organic matter that helps to feed the bacteria.

Fish tank walls and inside grow pipes can also be good places for bacteria to grow, as they are constantly bathed in water and nutrients.

Water pH

The alkalinity level of the water may affect the biological activity of the ammonia-converting nitrifying bacteria and their ability to excrete nitrite.

In order for these bacteria to be effective in removing ammonia from the water, the pH level must be between 6.8 and 7.5.

When the pH is below 6.8, the bacteria’s ability to convert ammonia is inhibited and when it is above 7.5, their ability is enhanced.

This can have a negative impact on the health of the fish in the tank and on plant growth in an aquarium or hydroponic system.

Water Temperature

The bacterial populations responsible for breaking down the wastes produced by the fish are sensitive to changes in water temperature. In general, lower temperatures of less than 17 degrees celsius result in reduced bacterial productivity.

This can be a problem in warm climates, where maintaining a consistent water temperature can be difficult. It is important to select a species of fish that is appropriate for your climate and to monitor water temperature closely to ensure optimal bacterial activity.

Dissolved Oxygen

Nitrifying bacteria are a critical part of any wastewater treatment system, and they need an adequate level of dissolved oxygen (DO) in the water at all times in order to maintain high levels of productivity.

The optimum dissolved oxygen range for productive nitrifying bacteria is 4-8 ppm. If the DO drops below 4 ppm, the bacteria will become less effective at breaking down waste, and if it falls below 2 ppm, they may die off completely. This can lead to a decline in water quality and an increase in sludge production.

Ultraviolet Light

Ultraviolet radiation (UV) and sunlight are the two main forms of radiation that can harm nitrifying bacteria. Nitrifying bacteria convert ammonia and nitrite to nitrate, a process that is essential to an aquaponics system. If the UV or sunlight intensity is high enough, it can kill the nitrifying bacteria.

The amount of UV or sunlight that is harmful to nitrifying bacteria depends on a number of factors, including the wavelength of the radiation, the intensity of the radiation, and the type of nitrifying bacteria. Some types of nitrifying bacteria are more sensitive to UV or sunlight than others.

The best way to protect your nitrifying bacteria from UV or sunlight is to place some type of shade over your aquaponics system. This will help reduce the amount of UV or sunlight that reaches your plants and fish.